Each person begins as a single cell, formed by the joining of the mother's egg and the father's sperm. That single cell contains the digital code to make thousands of other kinds of cells, from fat cells to bone cells - from brain cells to lung cells. There are muscle cells, skin cells, vein cells, capillary cells and blood cells. Ultimately, from that one original cell, the human body will contain approximately 30 trillion cells conducting an orchestra of different functions.
In the first half of the 20th century, scientists still assumed that the cell was a fairly simple blob of protoplasm. Without electron-scanning microscopes, x-ray crystallography, and other technologies, the cell was treated as a "black box" that mysteriously performed its various functions - an unobservable collection of "gelatin" molecules whose inner workings were unknown.
Through the marvels of 21st century technology, scientists now understand the following:
Although the tiniest bacterial cells are incredibly small, weighing less than 10-12 grams, each is in effect a veritable micro-miniaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery, made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms, far more complicated than any machinery built by man and absolutely without parallel in the non-living world.1
Each microscopic cell is as functionally complex as a small city. When magnified 50,000 times through electron micrographs, we see that a cell is made up of multiple complex structures, each with a different role in the cell's operation. Using the city comparison, here's a chart that reveals the awesome intricacy and design of a typical cell:
||Actin fibers, Microtubules
||Genome (DNA, RNA)
As we delve further into the cellular world, technology is revealing black boxes within previous black boxes. As science advances, more of these black boxes are being opened, exposing an "unanticipated Lilliputian world" of enormous complexity that has pushed the theory of evolution to a breaking point.2
At the moment of conception, a fertilized human egg looks like a simple, single-celled blob no bigger than a pinhead. However, we now know that amorphous blob contains information equivalent to 6 billion "chemical letters" - enough complex code to fill 1,000 books, 500 pages thick with print so small that it would take a microscope to read it.3 Through the marvel of DNA, every single human trait is established at the moment of conception. Within hours, that single cell starts reproducing and grows a cilia propulsion system to move the fertilized egg (now called a "zygote") towards the uterus. Within six days, the original cell (now called an "embryo") has reproduced its library of information over 100 times. Ultimately, that original blob of gelatin will divide into the 30 trillion cells that make up the human body. At that point, if all the DNA chemical "letters" were printed in books, it's estimated those books would fill the Grand Canyon - fifty times!4
Wow! That's at the cellular level. If the cell is that complex, what about the "simple" organs made up of these cellular structures? Is there really such a thing as "simple," now that we can view organisms using the latest in microbiological and biochemical technology?
What about the human heart? It's a miraculously efficient and durable hydraulic pump that no engineer could dream of producing.
What about the human brain? It's alegitimate computer system a 1,000 times faster than the latest supercomputer and with more connections than all the computers, phone systems and electronic appliances on the entire planet.5
What about the human eye, ear, and lungs? What about the digestive tract, reproductive system, and immune response? Seriously, how can we logically explain the random and gradual development of these complex systems?
In light of 21st century science and technology, what would Charles Darwin say? Actually, he addressed this eventuality in his original theory:
If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.6
- Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, Adler & Adler, 1986, 250.
- Michael J. Behe, Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution, Simon & Schuster, 1996, 18.
- A. E. Wilder-Smith, The Natural Sciences Know Nothing of Evolution, T.W.F.T. Publishers, 1981, 82.
- Mark Eastman and Chuck Missler, The Creator Beyond Time and Space, T.W.F.T. Publishers, 1996, 84.
- Eastman and Missler, The Creator Beyond Time and Space, 80.
- Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (referred to simply as " Orig in of Species "), Bantam Books, 1999 (reprint of 1859 original), 158.
Got Spiritual Questions?
Sources : Randall Niles, www.AllAboutGOD.com , www.GotQuestions.org , and www.AllAboutTheJourney.org .